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California Assembly Chambers. (Photo: Kevin Sanders for California Globe)

Common ‘Plus’ Sections in California Legislation

Sometimes a reader might see two or even three of these sections

By Chris Micheli, April 7, 2023 7:07 am

As readers may recall, at the end of bills in the California Legislature, there may be “plus sections,” which are uncodified provisions that may do a number of things, such as expressing legislative intent, making legislative findings and declarations, or explaining why a bill may have a certain designation, such as a special statute or an urgency statute. Probably the most common plus section is the state-mandated cost disclaimer language.

Many bills in the California Legislature do not contain any plus sections. When bills do contain them, there is usually just one plus section, but sometimes a reader might see two or even three of these sections. The following are the main “plus sections” used in California bills:

  • Special statute
  • Reimbursement mandate disclaimer for SMLP
  • Statewide concern (not municipal affair)
  • Intent
  • 2011 Realignment Legislation
  • Tax levy
  • Urgency
  • Severability
  • CRTC Sections 2229 and 2230 waivers
  • CRTC Section 41 findings
  • Public access to records and meetings
  • Findings and declarations for amending statutory initiative measure
  • Rulemaking exemption
  • Contingent enactment
  • Double-jointing
  • Appropriation / No appropriation
  • Bill related to the budget bill
  • Public funds disclaimer
  • Retroactivity
  • Submission of measure to voters
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