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CABIA: how PAGA harms CA businesses. (Photo: screen capture CABIA video)

To Speed Up Economic Recovery, Businesses Need PAGA Relief

State needs a moratorium on lawsuits filed under the Private Attorneys General Act

By Tom Manzo, June 26, 2020 10:53 am

PAGA authorizes aggrieved employees to file lawsuits to recover civil penalties on behalf of themselves, other employees, and the State of California for Labor Code violations.


For Golden State businesses trying to reopen following the coronavirus lockdown, there’s one big question to consider: What’s the temperature in your company’s bathroom?

Actually, that’s just one of hundreds of questions business owners struggling to get up and running again will be expected to answer. Get one wrong, and it can open you up to a lawsuit under the Private Attorneys General Act (PAGA) — a law that deputizes citizens to step in and enforce even the most minor infraction of California’s 1,100 page labor law digest. 

By the way, the correct answer of the bathroom temperature is 68 degrees. Even one degree lower, and it’s considered a violation. Don’t believe me? Just ask Big Lots, a company that’s currently staring down the barrel of a PAGA lawsuit over its own bathroom temperature. 

The suit was filed by Joseph Lavi, whose Beverly Hills law firm ranks 9th in our Hall of Shame for the number of PAGA suits it has filed. Perhaps Lavi can use the settlement money to buy himself a new car to match Daniel Gaines, another well-known PAGA lawyer who actually drives around in a Rolls Royce that says “MR PAGA” on the license plate.

PAGA Notices 2004-2018

Big Lots isn’t the only target. During just one weekend in May, over 150 PAGA notices went out, averaging 31 future lawsuits a day. Businesses targeted by these suits included Goodwill Industries, Cedars-Sinai Hospital, and Hometown Buffet.

This PAGA blitz has been going on since the start of the coronavirus crisis. The organization I run, the California Business & Industrial Alliance (CABIA), has been fighting to stop it. However, it appears our legislators would rather satisfy the self-interested demands of their political allies than protect the wellbeing of business owners.

CABIA sent a letter to Governor Newsom asking for a moratorium on lawsuits filed under PAGA during the coronavirus crisis. In our letter, we noted that PAGA cases were being filed at an alarming rate — even against already vulnerable businesses, or those serving on the frontlines of the crisis. A small sampling of the businesses being targeted includes CareChoices Hospice and Palliative Services, Inc.; Alliance Healthcare Services, Inc.; and Atria Senior Living. 

In response, dozens of labor unions and their allies — including trial lawyer advocacy groups — wrote their own letter calling for the Governor to reject CABIA’s request.

One well-known advocacy group, Consumer Attorneys of California (CAOC), joined the list of signers. CAOC’s recent lobbying budget was close to $5 million dollars. And there’s a handful of Political Action Committees (PACs) spending money on the group’s behalf. One affiliated PAC, the Consumer Attorneys Association of Los Angeles PAC, spent $68,000 in political contributions in 2018 alone.

Smaller to medium sized business owners don’t have that kind of time or money to devote to lobbying legislators, or making campaign contributions. They’re busy enough trying to run a business or navigate the hundreds of rules laid out in California’s labor code.

But trial lawyers, who arguably benefit the most from large PAGA settlements, have a keen interest in keeping the law alive and well (and the funds to do so). Meanwhile, their firms keep hundreds of business owners tied up in often financially devastating legal battles.

As of now, CABIA’s request for a moratorium on PAGA suits has gone unanswered. While this outcome is disheartening, it doesn’t come as a surprise. We’ve also spoken up about other harmful laws in California, including AB5, with little response from Sacramento. 

California employers have it hard enough trying to get their businesses back on track. The least our legislators can do is take some advice from actual business owners, instead of the interest groups bankrolling their political campaigns.

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5 thoughts on “To Speed Up Economic Recovery, Businesses Need PAGA Relief

  1. Thank you for shining the spotlight on these cockroaches in the State Capitol….

    The average citizen would have NO IDEA about the corruption that exists between sleazy , Rolls Royce driving lawyers, corrupt shakedown unions and slimy Democrat politicians…

    Truly an unholy trinity that has completely screwed up California for DECADES….

    The only thing nice about living here is the weather, and GOD controls that… Just about everything that PEOPLE manage here is effed up, because Democrats…..

  2. If these small businesses would follow the rules and stop stealing wages from their employees they wouldn’t be hit with PAGA! We don’t make much money so when it’s stolen from us by our employers we will sue them and hold them accountable for there actions and yes we know if we win the case! most of the money goes to the lawyers and close to nothing goes to us but if that what it takes to make them pay for their actions it gives us the satisfaction to know they did not get away with stealing from us.

  3. If you’ve legitimately had an employer steal wages you have every right to seek the effective legal recourse available in this state for those that are aggrieved. PAGA is not that. PAGA is an avenue for unscrupulous lawyers to prey on businesses and make a ton of money. They could care less about the employees. The employee are simply a tool for them. Small businesses who truly care about their employees are facing these unwarranted lawsuits. The penalties they seek are beyond outrageous. PAGA lawsuits are causing small businesses to become insolvent which often means their employees no longer have jobs. EG is oversimplifying and justifying a process that is extremely flawed. It is disheartening to me how people will blindly follow a sleazy attorney who seeks them out and leads them by the nose to stick it to their former employer. Unfortunately, when the PAGA lawsuit bankrupts small businesses the human beings who are trying to earn a living working for an employer that they like and who truly cares about them are also hurt. PAGA attorney’s certainly don’t care about that fallout. It’s all simply about the money that goes into their pocket. Something has got to be done about this. It is ridiculous.

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